Manderson L. “Lifestyle” disease on the margins. Am Anthropol. 2020;122(3):662–3. https://doi.org/10.1111/aman.13448.
Beck U, Berk-Gernsheim E. Individualization: institutionalized individualism and its social and political consequences. London: Sage Publications; 2002.
Tilt B. Industrial pollution and environmental health in rural China: risk, uncertainty and individualization. China Q. 2013;214:283–301.
Adjaye-Gbewonyo K, Vaughan M. Reframing NCDs? An analysis of current debates. Glob Health Action. 2019;12(1):1641043. https://doi.org/10.1080/16549716.2019.1641043.
Bukhman G, Mocumbi AO, Atun R, Becker AE, Bhutan Z, Binagwaho A, et al. NCDI poverty commission: bridging a gap in universal coverage for the poorest billion. Lancet. 2020;396(10256):991–1044. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31907-3.
Nutrire CoLab, Burnett D, Carney M, Carruth L, Chard S, Dickinson M, et al. Anthropologists respond to the Lancet EAT Commission. Bionatura: Latin American. J Biotechnol Life Sci. 5. https://doi.org/10.21931/RB/2020.05.01.2.
Willett W, Rockström J, Loken B, Springmann M, Lang T, Vermeulen S, et al. Food in the anthropocene: the EAT-Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems. Lancet. 2019;393(10170):447–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31788-4.
Mendenhall E, Singer M. The global syndemic of obesity, undernutrition, and climate change. Lancet. 2019;393(10173):741. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30310-1.
Swinburn BA, Kraak VI, Allender S, Atkins VJ, Baker PI, Bogard JR, et al. The Global Syndemic of Obesity, Undernutrition, and Climate Change: the Lancet Commission report. Lancet. 2019;393(10173):791–846. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32822-8.
Aguilar RAC, Diaz-Bonilla C, Fujs T, Lakner C, Mahler DG, M.C. N, et al. Data Blog. World Bank, editor: World Bank. https://blogs.worldbank.org/opendata/september-2022-global-poverty-update-world-bank-2017-ppps-and-new-data-india#:~:text=Note%3A%20Table%20compares%20the%20poverty,%242.15%2C20243.65%2C%20and%20%246.85.21 Accessed 21 Oct 2022.
Sulla V, Zikhali P, Cuevas PF. Inequality in southern Africa: an assessment of the Southern African Customs Union. Washington, DC; 2022. https://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/099125303072236903/P1649270c02a1f06b0a3ae02e57eadd7a828 Accessed 8 Oct 2022
Pietermaritzburg Economic Justice & Dignity Group [PMBEJD]. Household Affordability Index October 2022. https://pmbejd.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2022/11/October-2022-Household-Affordability-Index-PMBEJD_31102022.pdf13 Accessed 8 Nov 2022.
Yonzan N, Lakner C, Mahler DG. Is COVID-19 increasing global inequality? World Bank Blogs. Washington, DC; 2021. https://blogs.worldbank.org/opendata/covid-19-increasing-global-inequality.
Manderson L, Burke NJ, Wahlberg A, editors. Vital loads: anthropologies of urgency in the time of COVID-19. London: University College London Press; 2021.
Defo BK. Demographic, epidemiological and health transitions: are they relevant to population health patterns in Africa? Glob Health Action. 2014;7:224–43.
Vaughan M. Conceptualising metabolic disorder in southern Africa: biology, history and global health. BioSocieties. 2019;14:123–42. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41292-018-0122-3.
Achoki T, Sartorius B, Watkins D, Glenn SG, Kengne AP, Oni T, et al. Health trends, inequalities and opportunities in South Africa’s provinces, 1990–2019: findings from the global burden of disease 2019 study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2022;76:471–81.
World Health Organization. Noncommunicable Diseases [Fact Sheet]. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/noncommunicable-diseases#:~:text=Each%20year%2C%2017%20million%20people,%2D%20and%20middle%2Dincome%20countries.10 Accessed 10 Oct 2022.
Jakovljevic M, Sugahara T, Timofeyev Y, Rancic N. Predictors of (in) efficiencies of healthcare expenditure among the leading Asian economies – comparison of OECD and non-OECD nations. Risk Manage Healthcare Policy. 2020;13:2261–80. https://doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S266386.
Vorster HH, Kruger A, Margetts BM. The nutrition transition in Africa: can it be steered into a more positive direction? Nutrients. 2011;3(4):429–41.
O’Neil A, Scovelle AJ, Milner AJ, Kavanagh A. Gender/sex as a social determinant of cardiovascular risk. Circulation. 2018;137(8):854–64.
Wang SC, Koutroumpakis E, Schulman-Marcus J, Tosh T, Volgman AS, Lyubarova R. Sex differences remain under-reported in cardiovascular publications. J Women’s Health. 2021;30(9):13–8.
Day S, Wu W, Mason R, Rochon PA. Measuring the data gap: inclusion of sex and gender reporting in diabetes research. Res Integr Peer Rev. 2019;4(1):1–8.
Magodoro IM, Feng M, North CM, Vořechovská D, Kraemer JD, Kakuhikire B, et al. Female sex and cardiovascular disease risk in rural Uganda: a cross-sectional, population-based study. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2019;19(1):1–12.
Saydah S, Lochner K. Socioeconomic status and risk of diabetes-related mortality in the US. Public Health Rep. 2010;125(3):377–88.
Kanjilal S, Gregg EW, Cheng YJ, Zhang P, Nelson DE, Mensah G, et al. Socioeconomic status and trends in disparities in 4 major risk factors for cardiovascular disease among US adults, 1971-2002. Arch Intern Med. 2006;166(21):2348–55.
Beaglehole R, Ebrahim S, Reddy S, Voûte J, Leeder S. Prevention of chronic diseases: a call to action. Lancet. 2007;370(9605):2152–7.
Oates GR, Jackson BE, Partridge EE, Singh KP, Fouad MN, Bae S. Sociodemographic patterns of chronic disease: how the mid-south region compares to the rest of the country. Am J Prev Med. 2017;52(Supplement 1):S31–S9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2016.09.004.
Tan X, Lee LK, Huynh S, Pawaskar M, Rajpathak S. Sociodemographic disparities in the management of type 2 diabetes in the United States. Curr Med Res Opin. 2020;36(6):967–76. https://doi.org/10.1080/03007995.2020.1756764.
Krieger N. Measures of racism, sexism, heterosexism, and gender binarism for health equity research: from structural injustice to embodied harm—an ecosocial analysis. Annu Rev Public Health. 2020;41(1):37–62.
Coffey PM, Ralph AP, Krause VL. The role of social determinants of health in the risk and prevention of group a streptococcal infection, acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease: a systematic review. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2018;12(6):e0006577. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006577.
Coates MM, Kintu A, Gupta N, Wrote EB, Adler AJ, Kwan GF, et al. Burden of non-communicable diseases from infectious causes in 2017: a modelling study. Lancet Glob Health. 2020;18(12):e1489–98. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30358-2.
Manderson L, Warren N. “Just one thing after another”: recursive cascades and chronic conditions. Med Anthropol Q. 2016;30(4):479–97. https://doi.org/10.1111/maq.12277.
World Health Organization. Obesity and Overweight 2021. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight. Accessed 8 Oct 2022.
Abarca-Gómez L, Abdeen ZA, Hamid ZA, Abu-Rmeileh NM, Acosta-Cazares B, Acuin C, et al. Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128.9 million children, adolescents, and adults. Lancet. 2017;390(10113):2627–42.
World Health Organization. Global strategy on diet, Phys Act Health. 2004. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9241592222 Accessed 8 Oct 2022.
Singer M, Bulled N, Ostrach B, Mendenhall E. Syndemics and the biosocial conception of health. Lancet. 2017;389(10072):941–50.
Weaver LJ, Fasel CB. A systematic review of the literature on the relationships between chronic diseases and food insecurity. Food Nutr Sci. 2018;9(05):519.
Manderson L, Naemiratch B. From Jollibee to BeeBee: “lifestyle” and chronic illness in Southeast Asia. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2010;22(3 Suppl):117S–24S.
Mintz SW. Sweetness and power: the place of sugar in modern history. New York: Viking-Penguin; 1986.
Wolf ER. Europe and the people without history. Berkeley: University of California Press; 1982.
Castañeda J, Caire-Juvera G, Sandoval S, Castañeda PA, Contreras AD, Portillo GE, et al. Food security and obesity among Mexican agricultural migrant workers. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(21):4171. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214171.
Kearney J. Food consumption trends and drivers. Philos Transact Royal Soc B: Biol Sci. 2010;365(1554):2793–807.
Pitcher TJ, Lam ME. Fish commoditization and the historical origins of catching fish for profit. Maritime Stud. 2015;14(1):2. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40152-014-0014-5.
Williams G. Slaves, workers, and wine: the ‘dop system’ in the history of the cape wine industry, 1658–1894. J South Afr Stud. 2016;42(5):893–909.
Hawkes C. Uneven dietary development: linking the policies and processes of globalization with the nutrition transition, obesity and diet-related chronic diseases. Glob Health. 2006;2(1):1–18.
Zimmet P, Alberti KGMM, Shaw J. Global and societal implications of the diabetes epidemic. Nature. 2001;414(6865):782–7. https://doi.org/10.1038/414782a.
Gálvez A. Eating NAFTA: trade, food policies, and the destruction of Mexico. Berkeley: University of California Press; 2018.
Smith-Morris C. Diabetes among the Pima: stories of survival. Tucson: University of Arizona Press; 2008.
World Health Organization. The WHO STEPwise approach to surveillanceWorld Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe; 2021.
Dumit J. Drugs for life: how pharmaceutical companies define our health. Durham: Duke University Press; 2012.
Jakovljevic M, Timofeyev Y, Ranabhat CL, Fernandes PO, Teixeira JP, Rancic N, et al. Real GDP growth rates and healthcare spending – comparison between the G7 and the EM7 countries. Glob Health. 2020;16(64). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12992-020-00590-3.
Rothman BK. The biomedical empire: lessons learnt from the COVID-19 pandemic. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press; 2021.